Download PDF of the above league table.
* Selection criteria include non-industry funded studies which were published since 2003 in a journal whose impact factor is greater than or equal to 10. Among articles that met these criteria, we selected ratios that demostrated a range of cost-effectiveness.
** The cost-effectiveness ratio is the incremental costs divided by the incremental benefits, relative to a comparator. The cost-effectiveness estimates listed are point-estimate values from the original articles and have been rounded to the nearest thousand (a more detailed table appears at www.tufts-nemc.org/cearegistry). QALY denotes quality-adjusted life-year. For more information see www.cearegistry.org.
*** The pyramid strategy consists of initial nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, patient education, joint protection and therapeutic exercise, pain management, and low-dose glucocorticoids are administered as needed.